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: , (1930-1956 .)

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Territorial frameworks of research are limited by Central Kazakhstan. In 1932 the territory of Karaganda camp was in the joint of five districts: Nurinski, Telmanski, Karagandinski, Shetski, Zhanaarkinski. In 1939 Karlag was on the territory of Karaganda and Akmola regions. Spask prison-of-war camp was on the territory of Karaganda region. By 1941 Karaganda region consisted of following districts: Djezkazganski, Voroshilovski, Karkaralinski, Zhana-arkinski, Kounradski, Nurinski, Kuvski, Telmanski, Osakarovski, Shetski, Ulytauski.

Writing the dissertation we took into account that during 1930-1956 administrative- territorial arrangement of Kazakhstan changed repeatedly, especially regions of Central Kazakhstan.

In the introduction actuality of work, level of problem studying, aims and tasks, subject and object of research are considered, source base its scientific and practical value is opened, chronological, territorial frameworks and methodological bases of dissertation are determined.

In the first chapter law and social-economical status of the Karlag militarized guarding staff is considered, specifics of their financial provision are pointed out. The process of Karlag VOCHR structure formation and development is analyzed.

In the second chapter problems of experienced staff and training of Karlag camp militarized guarding are considered and sources of completion are shown.

In the third chapter analyses of law sources, presenting service activities of escort forces are given. Key principles of guarding organization, regime and productive activity of prisoners of Spask camp 99 are shown.

In the conclusion results of research, recommendations and inferences are formulated.

The positions are taken out on defense:

Formation of totalitarian regime in USSR made influence on development of soviet reformatory camps system. For guarding and providing the regime of Karlag prisoners keeping were formed militarized guarding. All it activity was in the secret based on internal department acts, orders, instructions of ORPU-NKVD-MVD. VOCHR ITL didnt subordinate to national legislation and excluded out of social sight.

The structure of Karlag militarized guarding was formed as s group of multilevel penitential system of GULAG. VOCHR of Karlag became the part repressive system of reformatory camps, that realized punitive politics of of Soviet camps. Structural reformation of militarized guarding ITL in the period 1930-1950 was based on ideological, economical factors and specifics of evolution of soviet punitive system.

Staff politics of reformatory camps were made by two directions - voluntary and compulsory. Main political role has party. The process of Karlag guarding staff training included complex of military, ideological, political and educational character and was made in the courses of qualification training in institutions of OGPU-NKVD_MVD.

Soviet penitentiary system, main and inseparable part of which was General Control of camps (GULAG), served expectedly to interests of totalitarian states. For many ten years it was excluded from the sphere of social attention, as all activity took place in conditions of strict secretes.

Studying of guarding structures GULAG militarized guarding of Karlag and escort forces of Spask camp, providing the guarding, regime and conditions of keeping prisoners and prisoners -of war gives possibility to create full and detailed picture of formation and development of Stalin camps on the territory of Kazakhstan.

Scientific-practical value. Results of research can be used under working out and reading educational courses on history of reformatory camps on the territory of Kazakhstan, studying the history of ORGU-NKVD-MVD organs.

The structure of research. Dissertation consists of the list of definitions, symbols and abbreviations, introduction, three sections, conclusion, list of used literature and appendix.



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